Kernel Principal Component Analysis (KPCA)

Kernel Principal Component Analysis (KPCA) is a non-linear dimensionality reduction technique. It is an extension of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) - which is a linear dimensionality reduction technique - using kernel methods.

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The key idea of KPCA relies on the intuition that many datasets, which are not linearly separable in their space, can be made linearly separable by projecting them into a higher dimensional space. The added dimensions are just simple arithmetic operations performed on the original data dimensions.

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